Texas Cottage Food Law
Texas Cottage Food Law allows the sale of foods that are prepared in residential homes as long as gross sales do not exceed $50,000 annually. This type of business is not regulated by a local or state health department, which means that your kitchen will not be inspected by a health inspector (unless there is concern about the public’s health). If you want to start a Cottage Food Business, the information below may be helpful.
Foods that are not considered “potentially hazardous” are allowed:
Baked goods that don’t require refrigeration (cookies, cakes, breads, biscuits, pies, muffins, pastries, rolls)
Candy Coated & uncoated nuts Cereal (including granola) Vinegar
Unroasted nut butters Popcorn snacks Fruit butters Mustard
Canned jams & jellies Dried herbs & herb mixes Pickles (cucumber only) Fruit pies
Roasted coffee or dry tea Dehydrated fruits & vegetables, including dried beans
These foods are not potentially hazardous because they do not have to be held at specific temperatures to prevent foodborne illness. Potentially hazardous foods can be used to prepare a food but if the final product requires time or temperature control to prevent the growth of bacteria, it cannot be sold under the Cottage Food Law.
Foods that are considered “potentially hazardous” are NOT allowed:
• Fresh or dried meat or meat products including jerky
• Canned fruits, vegetables, vegetable butters, salsas etc.
• Kolache with meat
• Fish or shellfish products
• Canned pickled products such as corn relish and sauerkraut
• Raw seed sprouts
• Bakery goods which require any type of refrigeration (such as cream, custard, or meringue pies and cakes or pastries with cream cheese icings or fillings)
• Milk and dairy products including hard, soft and cottage cheeses and yogurt
• Cut fresh fruit/vegetables (including fresh fruits dipped or coated in chocolate or similar confections; fresh vegetables and juices made from fresh fruits and vegetables)
• Ice or ice products
• Barbeque sauces and ketchups
• Focaccia-style breads with vegetables or cheeses
• Chocolate covered graham crackers, Rice Krispy treats
• Dried pasta
• Sauerkraut, relishes, salsas, sorghum
• Lemonade, juices, hot chocolate or similar beverage
Selling your foods
Foods can be sold at the individual’s home, a farmers’ market, a farm stand, or at municipal, county, and non-profit events. Foods can also be delivered to the customer, where the sale can then take place. Foods cannot be sold over the internet, by mail order, or at wholesale.
Labeling and packaging your foods
Foods must be packaged to prevent contamination. Bulky items (e.g. wedding cakes) are exempt from being packaged; however, common sense should be used to keep them safe.
Foods sold under the Cottage Food Law must be labeled with the following information:
Name and physical address of the operation
Common or usual name of the product
Any major food allergens that are present in the food (e.g. egg, nut, soy, peanut, milk or wheat)
The following statement:
This food is made in a home kitchen and is not inspected by the Department of State Health Services or a local health
Use Safe Food Handling Practices when Preparing Your Cottage Foods
Preventing germs from spreading from one surface or food to another (cross contamination)
Cooking food to a proper temperature
Storing food properly
If you are making shelf stable food products (e.g. jams, jellies, and pickles), be sure to use tested recipes and process them correctly in boiling water bath canner.
Beginning January 1, 2014 an owner of a Cottage Food business is required to have a food handler’s card from a state accredited program.
Earn your food handler’s card through Texas A&M AgriLife Extension. Our food handler’s course is accredited by the Texas Department of State Health Services and will help you learn basic food safety practices that can help assure the food you prepare and sell is safe. Check with your local County Extension Agent or complete the course online at http://foodsafetyonline.tamu.edu.
For more information about the Cottage Food Law or earning your food handler’s card, contact your County Extension Agent or visit our website at http://foodsafety.tamu.edu
Educational programs of the Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service are open to all people without regard to race, color, sex, disability, religion, age, or national origin. The Texas A&M University System, U.S. Department of Agriculture, and the County Commissioners Courts of Texas Cooperating
Updated Feb 2014